Mucon 2021 - Dark energy, dark matter: imperfect metaphors for designing microservices

application architecture   microservice architecture   dark energy and dark matter  

New public workshop: Architecting for fast, sustainable flow - enabling DevOps and Team Topologies thru architecture. Learn more and enroll.

On April 14, I gave this presentation at μCon: The Microservices eXchange.

In order to explain certain astronomical observations, physicists created the mysterious concepts of dark energy and dark matter. Dark energy is a repulsive force. It’s an anti-gravity that is forcing matter apart and accelerating the expansion of the universe. Dark matter has the opposite attraction effect. Although it’s invisible, dark matter has a gravitational effect on stars and galaxies.

In this presentation, you will learn how these metaphors apply to the microservice architecture. I describe how there are multiple repulsive forces that drive the decomposition of your application into services. You will learn, however, that there are also multiple attractive forces that resist decomposition and bind software elements together. I describe how as an architect you must find a way to balance these opposing forces.



The SkillsCasts video is currently available to conference attendees. It will be freely available to all Skills Matter members once the μCon: The Microservices eXchange early-access window expires on June 13, 2021.

application architecture   microservice architecture   dark energy and dark matter  

Copyright © 2024 Chris Richardson • All rights reserved • Supported by Kong.

About is brought to you by Chris Richardson. Experienced software architect, author of POJOs in Action, the creator of the original, and the author of Microservices patterns.

New workshop: Architecting for fast, sustainable flow

Enabling DevOps and Team Topologies thru architecture

DevOps and Team topologies are vital for delivering the fast flow of changes that modern businesses need.

But they are insufficient. You also need an application architecture that supports fast, sustainable flow.

Learn more and register for my September 2024 online workshops....


I help organizations improve agility and competitiveness through better software architecture.

Learn more about my consulting engagements, and training workshops.

LEARN about microservices

Chris offers numerous other resources for learning the microservice architecture.

Get the book: Microservices Patterns

Read Chris Richardson's book:

Example microservices applications

Want to see an example? Check out Chris Richardson's example applications. See code

Virtual bootcamp: Distributed data patterns in a microservice architecture

My virtual bootcamp, distributed data patterns in a microservice architecture, is now open for enrollment!

It covers the key distributed data management patterns including Saga, API Composition, and CQRS.

It consists of video lectures, code labs, and a weekly ask-me-anything video conference repeated in multiple timezones.

The regular price is $395/person but use coupon WURMXAJV to sign up for $95 (valid until July 19th, 2024). There are deeper discounts for buying multiple seats.

Learn more

Learn how to create a service template and microservice chassis

Take a look at my Manning LiveProject that teaches you how to develop a service template and microservice chassis.

Signup for the newsletter

BUILD microservices

Ready to start using the microservice architecture?

Consulting services

Engage Chris to create a microservices adoption roadmap and help you define your microservice architecture,

The Eventuate platform

Use the platform to tackle distributed data management challenges in your microservices architecture.

Eventuate is Chris's latest startup. It makes it easy to use the Saga pattern to manage transactions and the CQRS pattern to implement queries.

Join the microservices google group